Alloying Elements

-Alloying elements are used to alter the mechanical and chemical properties of steel to give them advantages over standard carbon steel. While there are many alloying elements used to achieve various enhanced properties, certain elements are much more common than others.

-The most common types of alloying elements are Chromium, Molybdenum, Vanadium, Manganese, Nickel, Cobalt, Copper, Titanium, etc.…….

S.

Type

Format

Title

Ed.

Scope

Author(s)

Availability

1

HB

PDF

ASM Handbook Volume 03 - Alloy Phase Diagrams

1992

This Handbook presents different phase Diagrams for various sets of Alloys

ASM International

Upon Request

2

HB

PDF

ASM Metals Handbook Desk Edition

1998

The Metals Handbook Desk Edition is intended to serve as a comprehensive single-volume reference source on the properties, selection, processing, testing, and characterization of metals and their alloys

ASM International

Upon Request

3

HB

PDF

ASM Specialty Handbook Heat-Resistant Material

 N/A 

This Handbook outlines the properties of Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Heat Resistance Alloys in addition an emphasis on superalloys

ASM International

Upon Request

4

HB

PDF

The Metals Black book for ferrous Metals

1997

This Handbook is a reference for ferrous metals, topics such as Metallurgy of ferrous metals and Ferrous metals data are presented.

Michael L. Wayman , John E. Bringas

Upon Request

5

HB

PDF

The Metal Blue Book Welding Filler Metals

1997

Topics covered in this Handbook are Welding Metallurgy and Welding Data of filler metals

Barry M. Patchett and

John E. Bringas

Upon Request

6

HB

PDF

Materials and Processes in Manufacturing

2008

The purpose of this book is to give design and manufacturing engineers and technicians basic information on materials, manufacturing processes and systems. The materials section focuses on properties and behavior. Thus, aspects of smelting and refining (or other material production processes) are presented only as they affect manufacturing and manufactured products

Refer to chapter 3,6,7

JT. Black and

Ronald Kohser

Upon Request

7

HB

PDF

Carbon and ferritic alloy steels

N/A  

It is the intention in this chapter to discuss those steels that have a body-centered cubic form at or above normal atmospheric temperature.

General metallurgical questions will be considered first, and a later section will deal with the individual alloys and alloy groups that are used in welded fabrication

N/A  

Upon Request

8

HB

PDF

Alloying Understanding The Basics

2001

emphasis has been placed on deliberate alloying additions (minor or major alloying elements), the effects of trace or tramp elements are also summarized

J.R. Davis

Upon Request

9

HB

PDF

Boilers a practical Reference

2013

The structure of the book is quite simple. Words are all explained alphabetically. At the same time, all words related to any particular topic are grouped together so that the entire subject matter stays intact at one place. The reader is suitably directed.

This way, the reader gets the explanation for the word he is searching for and also sees all the related words and their explanations, getting to learn about the whole topic if so interested. In addition, repetition of description is avoided as the full topic is elaborated at one place and not fragmented

Refer to section 13.14 – 13.15- 13.16

Kumar rayaprolu

Upon Request

10

HB

PDF

Carbon Steel Handbook

2007

This report, one in an ongoing series of metallurgical reports, is devoted to iron-based alloys that contain only residual amounts of elements other than the primary alloying element, carbon—the definition of carbon steel.

Because of its attractive cost, wide availability, and ease of fabrication and weldability, carbon steel is one of the most commonly used materials in the electric power generation industry.

Carbon steels in which carbon represents 0.15–0.35%—those used most often as boiler and piping materials—are the focus of this Carbon Steel Handbook.

Flenner Engineering Services, LLC

Upon Request

11

HB

PDF

Cast Iron Physical and Engineering Properties

1976

This Handbook covers topics such as Structure of cast iron , physical ,mechanical , electrical properties of cast iron and Heat Treatment and Casting of cast iron

H.T Angus

Upon Request

12

HB

PDF

Corrosion Engineering

1987

The Book covers all the important aspects of corrosion engineering and corrosion science including noble metals, non-metallics, coatings, Mechanical properties and corrosion testing. 

Refer to chapter 5

Mars G. Fontana

Upon Request

13

HB

PDF

Engineering Handbook by G.L Huyett

2000

The following topics are covered in this Handbook: Steel Making, Metal Alloys , Heat Treatment , Testing of metals, manufacturing process and coating and painting

G.L Huyett

Upon Request

14

HB

PDF

Engineering Properties and Applications of Lead Alloys

2000

The book is intended as an introductory resource on lead and lead alloys, providing information on engineering properties, processing of various lead forms, and engineering applications that take advantage of the unique properties of lead and lead alloys.

The book will also be a resource for professionals involved in the production and application of lead alloy products

The book focuses on the use of lead in pure or alloy form for engineering applications.

Sivaraman Guruswamy

Upon Request

15

HB

PDF

Ferrous Materials

2008

This Handbook covers the following topics :Part A discusses the fundamental principles in the Chapters Constitution, Microstructure, Heat treatment and Properties. The much larger Part B discusses processing and applications of European standard materials as well as recent developments. It deals with unalloyed and high-strength materials, materials for surface layer treatment and for tools, as well as chemically resistant, creep-resistant and functional materials.

This book is intended for engineers working with ferrous materials who wish to deepen their understanding or who are looking for advice

Hans Berns and Werner Theisen

Upon Request

16

HB

PDF

Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys

2008

This book is intended for those wishing to learn more about metallurgy and the metals and engineering alloys used throughout industry. It would be useful to almost anyone who deals with metals, including designers, structural engineers, materials and process engineers, manufacturing engineers, and production personnel

F.C. Campbell

Upon Request

17

HB

PDF

Ferrous Metals and Their Alloys

N/A  

in this chapter because it has an important role in iron- and steelmaking, while chromium, owing to its refractory behavior, will be described in the chapter on refractory metals (see Section 4.3.8). The selected physical and chemical properties of these five elements are listed in Table 2.1.

N/A  

Upon Request

18

HB

PDF

Product Handbook of High-Performance Alloys

2001

This publication outlines the availability of over 90, mostly nickel base, alloy compositions.

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

19

HB

PDF

Key to Aluminum Alloys

2002

This Handbook outlines tables for identifying and finding the details of alloys with respect to different standards

John Datta

Upon Request

20

HB

PDF

Magnesium Technology

2006

There are nine chapters in this book which cover extensive survey of various production technologies of magnesium, physical metallurgy, physical and mechanical constants, deformation behavior, strengthening mechanisms, classification of alloys, refining. followed by a discussion of die casting, also squeeze casting and semi-solid casting with their associated properties. Rolling of magnesium and sheet metal forming is a recent important extension to magnesium technology. Extrusion is also discussed with alloy developments ,magnesium matrix composites, Joining and welding processes are also covered, Alternative processes to welding, such as adhesive bonding technology, clinching, riveting, direct screwing, folding, hybrid joining are relatively new methods of joining magnesium, Machining of reinforced and un-reinforced magnesium alloys and corrosion and surface protection.

 

Horst E. Friedrich and Barry L.Mordike

Upon Request

21

HB

PDF

Product Handbook of High-Performance Alloys Part 2

2001

This publication outlines the availability of over 90, mostly nickel base, alloy compositions.

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

22

HB

PDF

Materials for engineering

2006

This textbook represents an attempt to present a relatively brief overview of Materials Science. It is in two sections – the first characterizing engineering materials, the second considering structure–property relationships

John Martin

Upon Request

23

HB

PDF

The Metals Red Book for Nonferrous Metals

1997

Topics covered in this Handbook are different Alloys  (Al, Ni, Ti, Cu, Zinc, Lead and others) including their  Metallurgy and Data

Michael L. Wayman and John E. Bringas

Upon Request

24

HB

PDF

Nickel and Nickel Alloys

 N/A 

This Handbook includes the following topics Physical and Mechanical Properties pf Nickel Alloys, Corrosion Behavior in Aqueous Environments and Corrosion in Natural Environments

T. E. Evans

Upon Request

25

HB

PDF

Theory of Weldability of Metals and Alloys

1992

This Handbook represents modern and up to date tendencies in the theory of weldability .knowing the basic rules which are valid in metals or alloys

Ivan Hrivnak

Upon Request

26

HB

PDF

The welding of aluminium and its alloys

2002

The book provides a basic understanding of the metallurgical principles involved in how alloys achieve their strength and how welding can affect these properties.

Gene Mathers

Upon Request

27

HB

PDF

Technology of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys

N/A  

This Handbook covers topics such as Casting, Forming, Magnesium Matrix Composites, joining, Machining of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys

John F. King, Peter Juchmann, Norbert Hort, Hajo Dieringa, Sanday T. Kumar, Karl Ulrich Kainer ,Gerson Meschut, Günter H. Deinzer,Michael Rethmeier, Otto-Diedrich Hennemann, Hans Kurt Tönshoff, Bernd Denkena, Jens Winkler,and Christian Podolsky

Upon Request

28

HB

PDF

Materials and their behaviour during Welding

2011

This Handbook of IWE is according to IIW Guideline IAB-252-07 and gives an outline to Materials and their behaviour during Welding process

IWE

 Upon Request

 29

HB

PDF

Metallurgy of Welding

1999

Joining techniques are one of the key technologies in materials engineering and this book provides comprehensive coverage of the subject. It is intended for undergraduate and graduate students of metallurgy, as well as those attending specialist welding courses. It is also a valuable source of reference for practising engineers and metallurgists concerned with joining processes. The text covers the metallurgical changes that take place during the welding process, the properties of welded joints, defects associated with welding and the behaviour of welded joints in service. There is a chapter devoted to joints between metals and ceramics, and on the use of structural adhesives. The various techniques used in microwelding and the joining of solid-state devices to printed circuit boards are briefly described. In addition to revising and updating the text throughout the author has made some specific alterations and additions to the book:Brittle and ductile behaviour of solids, ductile francture, and the velocity of crack propogation are now included in the section on Fracture; Friction stir welding in now included; There is an additional chapter on adhesive bonding which includes bonding; forces, polymer chemistry, types of adhesive, production technology, quality control and applications; The section on heat flow has been expanded and includes worked examples; A section on weld defects and the evaluation of non-destructive tests has been added; A section on the welding metallurgy of aluminium-lithium alloys has been added; A new section describes major structural failure in such catastrophes as the 'Alexander L Kielland' accident and the Kobe earthquake, and considers the role of welding in such failures

J. F. Lancaster

Upon Request 

30

S

PDF

ASTM A350 Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components

2014

This specification covers several grades of carbon and low-alloy steel forged or ring-rolled flanges, forged fittings and valves intended primarily for low-temperature service and requiring notch toughness testing

ASTM

Upon Request

31

S

PDF

ASTM A694 Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Pipe Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for High-Pressure Transmission Service

2014

This specification covers forged or rolled steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, valves, and parts suitable for use with high-strength transmission-service pipe

ASTM

Upon Request

32

S

PDF

ASTM A707 Standard Specification for Forged Carbon and Alloy Steel Flanges for Low- Temperature Service

2014

This specification covers forged carbon and alloy steel flanges intended primarily for petroleum and gas pipelines in areas subject to low ambient temperatures

ASTM

Upon Request

33

S

PDF

ASTM A960 Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Wrought Steel Piping Fittings

 N/A 

This specification covers a group of common requirements that shall apply to wrought steel piping fittings

ASTM

Upon Request

34

S

PDF

A743A743M Standard Specification for Castings iron Cr iron Cr Ni Corrosion Resistant for General Application

2020

This specification covers iron-chromium and iron chromium-nickel alloy castings for general corrosion-resistant application. The grades covered by this specification represent types of alloy castings suitable for broad ranges of application which are intended for a wide variety of corrosion environments.

ASTM

Upon Request

35

S

PDF

B584 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications

2020

Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications.

ASTM

Upon Request

36

S

PDF

A242A-242M Standard Specification for High Strength Low Alloy Structural Steel.

2016

This specification covers high-strength low-alloy structural steel shapes, plates, and bars for welded, riveted, or bolted construction intended primarily for use as structural members where savings in weight [mass] or added durability are important.

ASTM

Upon Request

37

S

PDF

Standard Spec A193A-193M for Alloy-Steel and Stainless-Steel Bolting Materials for High- Temperature Service

2004

This specification covers alloy and stainless-steel bolting material for pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings for high-temperature service

ASTM

Upon Request

38

S

PDF

NACE RP 0199-99 Installation of Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel and Nickel-Alloy Roll-Bonded and Explosion-Bonded Clad Plate 

1999

This standard provides technical and quality assurance guidelines for the fabrication, welding, and installation of stainless chromium-nickel steel and nickel alloy roll-bonded and explosion-bonded clad plate that is continuously and integrally bonded to air pollution control equipment such as flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems, ducts, and stacks as well as other process equipment. It is intended to be the basis for preparation of a specification to be agreed on by contracting parties

NACE

Upon Request

39

S

PDF

NACE TM049898 Standard Test Methods for Measuring the Carburization of Alloys Used for Ethylene Cracking Furnace Tubes

 N/A 

Currently there is no standardized test method to evaluate the relative carburization resistance of various alloys for possible use in furnace tubes for ethylene cracking service. MTI Publication No. 521 provides definitive guidelines for developing standard carburization testing methods for broader applications, and procedures for measuring the test results.

This NACE standard addresses the latter but not the former, and the latter only for alloys and tubes for ethylene cracking furnaces.

This standard does not attempt to standardize carburization testing methods.

NACE

Upon Request

40

S

PDF

DNVGL-OS-B101 Metallic Materials

2015

This standard provides principles, technical requirements and guidance for metallic materials to be used in the fabrication of offshore structures and equipment.

DNVGL

Upon Request

41

GL

PDF

Joining Special Nickel alloys

2003

This bulletin endeavors to educate the reader in the processes and products used for joining the various high-performance alloy products manufactured by Special Metals and the basic information required to develop joining procedures.

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

42

Manual

PDF

INCOLOY Alloy 020

2004

INCOLOY alloy 020 has excellent corrosion resistance in chemical environments containing sulfuric acid, and useful resistance to environments containing chlorides, nitric acid, and phosphoric acid, this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the INCLOY Alloy 020

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

43

Manual

PDF

INCOLOY Alloy 800

2004

The INCOLOY 800 series of alloys, invented by the Special Metals Corporation Group of Companies, is the result of years of monitoring and maintaining the ultimate chemical properties for high-temperature strength and resistance to oxidation, carburization and other types of high-temperature corrosion, this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the INCLOY Alloy 800

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

44

Manual

PDF

INCOLOY Alloy 800H &800HT

2004

INCOLOY alloys 800H and 800HT have significantly higher creep and rupture strength than INCOLOY alloy 800. The three alloys have nearly identical chemical composition limits, this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the INCLOY Alloy 800H and 800HT

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

45

Manual

PDF

INCLOY Alloy 27-7MO

2004

INCOLOY alloy 27-7MO is an advanced 7% molybdenum super-austenitic stainless steel offering corrosion resistance in most environments superior to 6% molybdenum super-austenitic stainless steels, this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the INCLOY Alloy 27-7MO

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

46

Manual

PDF

INCONEL Alloy 600

2004

INCONEL (nickel-chromium-iron) alloy 600 is a standard engineering material for applications which require resistance to corrosion and heat. The alloy also has excellent mechanical properties and presents the desirable combination of high strength and good workability. this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the INCONEL alloy 600

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

47

Manual

PDF

INCONEL Alloy 601

2004

INCONEL nickel-chromium-iron alloy is a general-purpose engineering material for applications that require resistance to heat and corrosion. An outstanding characteristic of INCONEL alloy 601 is its resistance to high temperature oxidation. The alloy also has good resistance to aqueous corrosion, has high mechanical strength, and is readily formed, machined and welded, this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the INCONEL alloy 601

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

48

Manual

PDF

NIMONIC alloy 86

2004

NIMONIC alloy 86 has been developed to provide a material with good workability, ductility and weldability, high creep strength and exceptionally good cyclic oxidation resistance at 1050°C. The alloy is of the solid solution type and it is intended principally for use in high temperature applications such as gas turbine combustion chambers, afterburner parts and heat treatment furnace equipment, this manual outlines the Physical and Mechanical Properties of the NIMONIC alloy 86

by Special Metals Corporation

Upon Request

49

Paper

PDF

Copper-Nickel Alloys, Properties and Applications

1982

The Purpose of this Publication is to discuss typical applications for copper – Nickel alloys and the reasons for their selection

 

Upon Request

50

Paper

DOCX

Corrosion Resistance Alloys

 N/A 

This Document is intended to give a brief on Corrosion Resistance Alloys

Mohamed El Ganzory

Free

51

Paper

PDF

Effect of Alloy Nickel Content vs Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number (PREN) on the Selection of Austenitic

 N/A 

This suggests that in some cases for austenitic alloys, the nickel content of the CRA may be more important than the Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number in Oil Country Tubular Goods selection

E. L. Hibner, C. S. Tassen and J. W. Skogsberg

Upon Request

52

Paper

PDF

Durability Assessment of Titanium Aluminides Alloys

2008

The durability of TiAl is a prime concern for the implementation of TiAl into aerospace engines.

Two durability issues, the effect of high temperature exposure on mechanical properties and impact resistance, have been investigated and the results are summarized in this paper

S. L. Draper and B. A. Lerch

Upon Request

53

Paper

DOCX

Effect of Alloying elements on Steels

 N/A 

This document outlines the effects of alloying elements on steels

Mohamed ElGanzory

Free

54

Paper

PDF

High-Strength Corrosion Resistant Nickel-Base Alloys for Oilfield Applications

 N/A 

The mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of high-strength nickel-base Corrosion Resistant Alloys (CRAs) are discussed.

E. L. Hibner, C. S.Tassen and P. W. Rice

Upon Request

55

Paper

PDF

Austenite and its Transformation and Classification of steels

1981

This Paper describes how Austinite is formed and the effect of carbon and alloying element on its transformation , how Austinite transforms to Pearlite, Spheroidite, bainite and/or Martensite.

Also discussed the classification of steels, the means of identifying each classification and the steels within a classification 

 American Society for Metals

Upon Request

56

GL

DOCX

All Alloying Elements

 N/A 

This guideline introduces the effect of Alloys on the mechanical and physical properties of Elements

Mohamed ElGanzory

Free

57

Paper

DOCX

The Metallurgy of carbon steel

2015

This paper illustrates topics such as the making of steel, Heat Treatment, Welding and Welding Defects of Carbon Steel

Mohamed El Ganzory

Free

58

Paper

DOCX

Steel Making and Steel Micrographic

2014

This paper illustrates topics such as classification of Ferrous alloys, Metal Fabrication techniques and the Micrographic of Steel

Mohamed El Ganzory

Free

59

Paper

DOCX

Material and Welding important figures and tables

N/A  

The Scope of this document is to give the reader the important figures and tables used in Material and welding

Mohamed El Ganzory

Free

60

Paper

DOCX

The metallurgy of carbon steel

N/A  

This document outlines the following topics (phase diagrams of carbon steels, grain Structures and Heat Treatment of Carbon steels)

Tarek R. Abdel-Alim

Free

61

Paper

DOCX

Structure of plain steel

2004

This document outlines the following topics (phase diagrams of plain steels and Allotropy of iron )

Tarek R. Abdel-Alim

Free

62

Paper

DOCX

Metallurgical Subjects

2018

This paper is a collection of the most important Metallurgical figures and diagrams

Mohamed El Ganzory

Free

63

Paper

PDF

Chapter 3 Metals

 N/A 

In Chapter 2, you learned how individual atoms pack in crystal lattices. Moreover, the nature of metallic bonding was described, which is responsible for characteristic physical properties of these materials. This chapter will continue this discussion, focusing on the relationship between specific metallic lattice structures and their impact on overall physical properties.

 N/A 

 Upon Request

64

Chart

PDF

Alloying Effects

N/A  

Effects of Alloying elements on the mechanical properties

Mohamed ElGanzory

Free

65

Chart

PDF

Effects of Alloying elements on the mechanical properties

 N/A 

This chart shows the Effects of Alloying elements on the mechanical properties

Mohamed ElGanzory

Free

66

Chart

PDF

Effect of Alloying elements on Steel

N/A  

This chart shows the Effects of Alloying elements on the mechanical properties of steels and stainless steels

Mohamed ElGanzory

Free

67

Table

DOCX

Effects of alloy elements on the heat treatment of quenched and tempered alloy steels

 N/A 

This chart shows the Effects of alloy elements on the heat treatment of quenched and tempered alloy steels

Mohamed ElGanzory

Free

68

Presentation

PDF

Phase Diagrams

and Alloys

 N/A 

This presentation illustrates the phase diagrams and different types of Alloys and their mechanical properties

N/A  

Free

69

Presentation

PDF

Weldability of Steels

2006

This Presentation introduces the Weldability ,classification, imperfections of Steel and the effect of alloying elements on the mechanical properties of steel

Essam Abdelmonem Mohamed

Free