Dye Penetrant

Penetrant testing (PT) is one of the most widely used nondestructive testing methods for the detection of surface discontinuities in nonporous solid materials. It is almost certainly the most commonly used surface NDT method today because it can be applied to virtually any magnetic or nonmagnetic material. PT provides industry with a wide range of sensitivities and techniques that make it especially adaptable to a broad range of sizes and shapes. It is extremely useful for examinations that are conducted in remote field locations, since it is extremely portable. The method is also very appropriate in a production type environment where many smaller parts can be processed in a relatively short period of time. This method has numerous advantages and limitations that can be found in Section X of this chapter.

No.

Type

Format

Title

Edition

Description

Author

Priority

Availability

1

Paper

PDF

10 Common Misunderstandings About Penetrant Testing

N/A

reveal common penetrant inspection misperceptions we’ve seen in the field in recent years

Cheri Stockhausen

 

Upon Request

2

Paper

PDF

A Guide to AMS 2644 Penetrant Sensitivity Levels

N/A

This provides a Guide to AMS 2644Penetrant Sensitivity Levels

Cheri Stockhausen

 

Upon Request

4

Paper

PDF

ASME V - Article 6 - Liquid Penetrant Examination

2019

When specified by the referencing Code Section, the liquid penetrant examination techniques described in this Article shall be used. In general, this Article is in conformance with SE-165, Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination. This document provides details to be considered in the procedures used. When this Article is specified by a referencing Code Section, the liquid penetrant method described in this Article shall be used together with Article 1, General Requirements. Definitions of terms used in this Article appear in Article 1, Mandatory Appendix I, I-121.3, PT — Liquid Penetrants

ASME

 

Upon Request

5

S

PDF

ASME V - Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code - Nondestructive Examination

2013

The following information provides guidance to Code users for submitting technical inquiries to the committees. See Guideline on the Approval of New Materials Under the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code in Section II, Parts C and D for additional requirements for requests involving adding new materials to the Code.

ASME

 

Upon Request

6

GL

PDF

ASNT - Liquid Penetrant Inspection

N/A

The training materials in this package are designed to provide a basic knowledge of the fundamentals of liquid penetrant testing. The training program that you are participating in will contain the following classroom hours of instruction to present the information suggested in the ASNT publication SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice.

ASNT

 

Upon Request

7

HB

PDF

ASNT - NDT Training Program - Liquid Penetrant Method

1979

The training materials in this package are designed to provide a basic knowledge of the fundamentals of liquid penetrant testing.

ASNT

 

Upon Request

8

GL

PDF

ASNT LEVEL III Study Guide Liquid Penetrant Testing Method

1998

The edition of ASNT Level III Study Guide: Liquid Penetrant Testing provides prospective ASNT Level III examinees with a review of the technical knowledge for an ASNT Level III exam. It is intended to be used with a comprehensive NDT text, such as ASNT’s Nondestructive Testing Handbook, Vol. 1: Liquid Penetrant Testing, fourth edition. This edition was updated to reflect the most current information on PT as outlined in CP-105, with new and expanded content and new figures. All chapter review questions are multiple-choice, with four unique answers to more closely match the ASNT exam format.

ASNT

 

Upon Request

9

HB

PDF

ASNT NDT Handbook Vol. 2 Liquid Penetrant Testing

1999

What could be simpler than directly viewing a part with a suitable light to see an indication of a discontinuity produced by dipping the part in a colored liquid, washing excess liquid off with a water hose and drying the part? As one gains experience with liquid penetrant testing, a more appropriate question may come to mind: how can a simple technique be so complex? Because the liquid penetrant test is fundamentally simple and the equipment (if any) is easy to operate.

ASNT

 

Upon Request

10

Paper

PDF

CBI - Liquid Penetrant Examination

1982

Liquid penetrant examination is a non-destructive surface examination method which is based on the ability of some liquids to penetrate into small openings. This method is used for detecting cracks, laminations, porosity and other discontinuities open to the surface of nonmagnetic metals, such as aluminum, stainless steel, brass, copper, bronze, titanium, magnesium and other materials such as ceramics, glass and plastic. Though it is often applied to magnetic metals such as carbon steel, these are usually examined by the magnetic particle examination method.

CBI

 

Upon Request

11

HB

PDF

Classroom Training Handbook - Nondestructive Testing - Liquid Penetrant

N/A

The purpose of this handbook is to provide the fundamental knowledge of liquid penetrant testing required by quality assurance and test personnel to enable them to: 1) ascertain that the proper test technique, or combination of techniques, is used to assure the quality of the finished product; 2) interpret, evaluate, and make a sound decision as to the results of the test; and 3) recognize those areas of exhibiting doubtful test results that require either retest or assistance in interpretation and evaluation.

Convair Devision

 

Upon Request

12

RP

PDF

HSE - Best Practical For The Procurement And Conduct Of Non-Destructive Testing - Part 2 - Magnetic Particles and Dye Penetrant Inspection

N/A

BEST PRACTICE FOR THE PROCUREMENT ANDCONDUCT OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING Part 2: Magnetic Particle and Dye Penetrant Inspection GAS AND CHEMICAL PROCESS SAFETYTECHNOLOGY DIVISIONA April 2002 3 The recommendations contained in this document were aimed specifically to improve the inspection of conventional pressurized equipment. However, the drafting committee considers that these measures can also apply to any application of Magnetic Particle and Dye Penetrant Inspection including fairground or railway components, offshore equipment, and conventional plant in nuclear installations. H Bainbridge Gas and Chemical Process Safety Technology Division Health and Safety Executive 1. INTRODUCTION Following the successful production of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) document describing best practice for the procurement and application of manual ultrasonics [Ref. 1], the HSE have judged it appropriate to issue further best practice guidelines which identify when problems can arise in the selection and application of other NDT methods and what solutions might be adopted.

HSE

 

Upon Request

13

GL

PDF

Introduction to Nondestructive Testing A Training Guide

2005

This book has been written to provide a single volume with basic background information needed to help students and nondestructive testing (NDT) personnel qualify for Levels I, II, and III certification in the NDT methods of their choice, in accordance with the American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A (2001 edition). It is also recommended that students and NDT personnel become thoroughly familiar with the most current recommended practice as well. The contents of this book tend to follow the general outline of the recommended standard practice. Questions and answers for each NDT method are not included in this volume, but are available in separate volumes elsewhere.

Paul E. Mix

 

Upon Request

14

HB

PDF

Introduction to the Non-Destructive Testing of Welded Joints

1988

This book has been prepared to give inspecting engineers, welding engineers, designers, producers and purchasers of welded plant, an up-to-date understanding of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods and their scope of application to welds and we

R Halmshaw

 

Upon Request

15

S

PDF

ISO 3059 - Non-destructive testing - Penetrant testing and magnetic particle testing - Viewing conditions

2012

This International Standard specifies the control of the viewing conditions for magnetic particle and penetrant testing. It includes minimum requirements for the illuminance and UV-A irradiance and their measurement. It is intended for use when the human eye is the primary detection aid. This International Standard does not cover the use of actinic blue light sources

ISO

 

Upon Request

16

S

PDF

ISO 3452-1 - Non-destructive testing - Penetrant testing - Part 1- General principles

2013

This part of ISO 3452 specifies a method of penetrant testing used to detect discontinuities, e.g., cracks, laps, folds, porosity and lack of fusion, which are open to the surface of the material to be tested. It is mainly applied to metallic materials, but can also be performed on other materials, provided that they are inert to the test media and not excessively porous (castings, forgings, welds, ceramics, etc.) It also includes requirements for process and control testing, but is not intended to be used for acceptance criteria and gives neither information relating to the suitability of individual test systems for specific applications nor requirements for test equipment. NOTE 1 Methods for determining and monitoring the essential properties of penetrant testing products to be used are specified in ISO 3452-2 and ISO 3452-3. NOTE 2 The term discontinuity is used in this part of ISO 3452 in the sense that no evaluation concerning acceptability or non-acceptability is included

ISO

 

Upon Request

17

S

PDF

ISO 3452-3 - NDT - Penetrant testing - Part 3 - Reference test blocks

2013

This International Standard describes two types of reference blocks: — Type 1 reference blocks are used to determine the sensitivity levels of both fluorescent and color contrast penetrant product families; — Type 2 reference blocks are used for routine assessment of the performance of both fluorescent and color contrast penetrant testing. The reference blocks are to be used in accordance with part 1 of this International Standard

ISO

 

Upon Request

18

S

PDF

ISO 3452-4 -1998- Non-Destructive Testing - Penetrant Testing - Part 4 - Equipment

1998

This European standard specifies the characteristics of equipment used in penetrant testing. The characteristics of equipment required for carrying out penetrant testing depend on the number of tests to be made and on the size of the components to be tested. Two types of equipment are included in this standard: a) equipment suitable for carrying out in situ penetrant testing techniques; b) fixed installations

ISO

 

Upon Request

19

S

PDF

ISO 23277 - Non-destructive testing of welds - Penetrant testing - Acceptance levels -

2015

This International Standard specifies acceptance levels for indications from surface breaking imperfections in metallic welds detected by penetrant testing. The acceptance levels are primarily intended for use during manufacture examination, but where appropriate, they can be used for in-service inspection. The acceptance levels in this International Standard are based on detection capabilities that can be expected when using techniques specified in ISO 3452 series and parameters recommended in Annex A. The acceptance levels can be related to welding standards, application standards, specifications, or codes. Such a relationship is shown in ISO 17635 for ISO 5817 and ISO 10042. Acceptance levels for grouped indications are not covered by this International Standard.

ISO

 

Upon Request

20

S

PDF

ISO3452-2 - Non-Destructive Testing - Penetrant Testing - Part 2 - Testing of penetrant materials

2013

This part of ISO 3452 specifies the technical requirements and test procedures for penetrant materials for their type testing and batch testing. This part of ISO 3452 covers the temperature range 10 °C to 50 °C. Additional tests in part 5 or part 6 of ISO 3452 may be required outside this range. On-site control tests and methods are detailed in ISO 3452-1

ISO

 

Upon Request

21

S

PDF

ISO3452-5- Non-destructive Testing - Penetran Testing - Part5 - Pemnetrant Testing at Temp. more than 50 degree

2006

This part of ISO 3452 specifies the testing requirements particular to applications at higher temperatures (over 50 °C) and also the method for qualification of suitable testing products. It applies only to materials qualified for the relevant temperature range used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

ISO

 

Upon Request

25

Paper

PDF

NDT International - Liquid Penetrant Testing

2010

Liquid Penetrant Inspections a nondestructive method of revealing discontinuities that are open to the surfaces of solid and essentially nonporous materials. Indications of a wide spectrum of flaw sizes can be found regardless of the configuration of the work piece and regardless of flaw orientations. Liquid penetrants seep into various types of minute surface openings by capillary action. Because of this, the process is well suited to the detection of all types of surface cracks, laps, porosity, shrinkage areas, laminations, and similar discontinuities. It is extensively used for the inspection of wrought and cast products of both ferrous and nonferrous metals, powder metallurgy parts, ceramics, plastics, and glass objects.

NDT INTERNATIONAL

 

Upon Request

26

HB

PDF

NDT30P - Penetrant Testing (PT)

N/A

Foreword This is a study guide for candidates who are seeking a qualification in Penetrant Testing (PT). While preparing for exams it is advisable that the candidate focus on understanding testing principles and mechanisms rather than merely memorizing simple facts and formulae. Sections of this guide offer review questions to help focus on the main topics, which are essential for understanding the subject; this is considered vital core knowledge readers must possess. Correct answers are provided at the end of the guide. The level of scientific knowledge provided is that required for qualification to PT Level 2. Please review referred publications if a deeper understanding is sought. It is also recommended that candidates review the TWI publication ‘Product Technology’ which describes the basics of material science, various manufacturing processes and the origin of related defects as well as in-service induced defects. The basics of mechanical testing of materials as well as a brief history of NDT is also included. Technical content is based mainly on EN (European Standards) and ISO (International Organization for Standardization) systems but in order to provide a comprehensive overview of technical aspects as used currently in industry, the ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), ASME (American Society for Mechanical Engineers) or other specifications may be also referenced where it differs from EN ISO standards. A system of SI units is considered to be standard in this textbook and the standard conventions of their use are followed. The best of luck with your exams.

TWI

 

Upon Request

28

HB

PDF

Non-Destructive Testing __Inspector's Handbook __

2002

This reference book was designed for use in the field and to support on the-job training. It should not be Listed as a standard or referred to as a stand-alone document. This book covers basic formulas, charts, and other NDT related information.

N/A

 

Free

30

HB

PDF

PTP - Liquid Penetrant Testing Classroom Training Book

2005

Liquid penetrant testing is a versatile nondestructive test method used for detecting surface discontinuities in a wide variety of solid, nonporous materials. The effectiveness of the test is determined by the training, skill and dedication of the penetrant technician, the cleaning and preparation of the test object and the materials and procedure used to perform the test. Liquid penetrant testing is used primarily for detecting surface discontinuities.

ASNT

 

Upon Request